These are some of the forms of family abuse. It is insidious, can be covert, it harms.
Coercive control is an act or a pattern of acts of assault, threats, humiliation and intimidation or other abuse that is used to harm, punish, or frighten their victim. ... coercive control is a criminal offence.
Emotional abuse is about threats, repeated put downs, name calling, shaming/humiliating in public, nasty, hurtful sarcasm, leaving nasty messages (texts, voicemail, emails, social media) sexist, racist, ageist, ablest or homophobic abuse
Neglect of an older person includes neglect of a person's care, inadequate provision of housing or food or abandonment. It includes neglecting to provide a person with appropriate health or personal care such as poor hygiene, withholding medication, or over medicating, withholding personal medical care, withdrawing care or equipment that immobilises or leaves the older person without a way to call for help, refusing or delaying assistance.
Abusive behaviour includes physical assault, sexual, financial, psychological, spiritual abuse, and behaviour by a person that causes a child to hear, see, witness or be exposed to the effects of abuse or violent acts.
Research has consistently found that children of all ages who have been exposed to family violence, particularly coercive and controlling behaviour, have been found to have more problems than children who have not. They have higher levels of emotional and behavioural problems and are at greater risk of physical abuse or having their physical and emotional needs neglected.
"It is okay to seek support on behalf of somebody else. Please reach out and speak up. Victoria Police is here to support you.
Everyone has the right to be free of violence or the fear of violence. Everyone deserves to feel safe and respected in their family and relationships.
Family violence occurs in all communities, cultures and socio-economic groups and is not acceptable in any part of any culture. Family violence is against the law.
There is no excuse for abusing a loved one." see website: https://www.police.vic.gov.au/family-violence